Anti aging guide

Treatments for Heart Disease



How heart disease could be treated and can diseased arteries be treated?

The treatment of heart failure has been mentioned, but tackling the underlying problem is obviously preferable. Effective drugs are available to treat high blood pressure (beta-blockers to counteract certain effects of adrenalin, calcium antagonists, Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors). Angina can be treated medically, but the results of coronary artery bypass grafting are excellent and this procedure probably improves prospects for survival. Various abnormalities of the heartbeat may result from fibrosis of the conducting tissues, with the result that the beat is too fast, too slow, or irregular, and there are many drugs which can control these abnormal rhythms if they can be identified. This may be difficult because some of these disturbances are very transient, and merely result in ‘coming over queer’. Under these circumstances, it may be necessary to record each heartbeat on a tape cassette attached to the body over a period of 24 hours. An excessively slow heartbeat is potentially dangerous and may result in very dramatic episodes of collapse with loss of consciousness for a minute or so: pacemakers for hearts that beat too slowly are highly effective: The replacement of defective valves is another worthwhile though much more major procedure. Successive myocardial infarcts can result in a failing pump with an inadequate output, and in 1988 one center in the UK reported favorable results from heart transplantation among patients in their 60s.

Aortic aneurysms can be excised and replaced by prosthetic grafts—preferably before they rupture. Blocked leg vessels, like coronary arteries, can often be surgically bypassed, or sometimes dilated using balloon catheters which are manipulated through the arterial system and inflated at the narrow segment. The most important measures, however, lie in correcting the risk factors and there is some evidence that atherosclerosis lesions can regress if the subject stops smoking, eats sensibly, and has his hypertension treated.

Posted by Carol Hudgens - May 17, 2012 at 3:02 pm