Anti aging guide

Trips,’Turns’ and Age-Related Disease

 

 

What diseases may lead to falls and how should be to take great care a disabled people?

These are episodes which can usually be explained away. The faller will realize with hindsight that with greater care the accident could have been avoided. Trips are most likely to happen to reasonably mobile people-they are usually due to either carelessness, clumsiness, or known disability, or are secondary to environmental factors. Some of the disabilities which may lead to falls are:

  • arthritis and rheumatism;
  • stroke;
  • Parkinson’s disease;
  • peripheral neuropathy (numbness of feet);
  • ear disease—deafness, tinnitus, and loss of balance;
  • visual impairment.

Disabled people should therefore take great care, especially when changing their position (for instance, rising from sitting) or when changing direction, for example, on turning. Remember that some drugs, such as sleeping tablets and alcohol, will increase the liability to fall in vulnerable people and their use should therefore be avoided or restricted.

Environmental hazards such as trailing flexes, abandoned articles on the floor, loose rugs, and poorly lit stairs and steps are a risk to all. The risks become even greater when associated with poor vision (for example, cataracts) or impaired gait (for example in Parkinson’s disease or arthritis) or impaired balance.

‘Turns’

These are more frightening than trips because they cannot usually be explained away by the victim. They are also more likely to be associated with a change in consciousness, may happen at any time, and the patient will feel powerless to control the episodes. They are symptoms of underlying problems, usually heart or brain disease. Sudden changes in heart-rate or rhythm may lead to a fall; the experience of palpitations may act as a clue to the cause. If the mechanism can be identified then prevention may be available through drug treatment or the insertion of a cardiac pacemaker. Sudden changes in blood pressure may lead to falls-these may also be secondary to changes in heart-rate but also to the side-effects of drugs. Sudden changes in brain function, as in epilepsy, may lead to blackouts and falls, and this can develop in late life. Reversible and transient changes in the blood supply, both in quality (such as reduced sugar levels) or quantity may also lead to fits or small transient strokes. In some cases, after examination and investigation, it will be possible to offer protection from further episodes-so help should be sought.

Posted by Carol Hudgens - May 12, 2012 at 9:51 am